Slowed down sequential movement of adjacent typebars.

Slowed down sequential movement of adjacent typebars.

If manuscript reading, then the typebasket restriction might be.

If manuscript reading, then the typebasket restriction might be.
If speaking by only their own tangs at the time in ad-live, then it might not.

Tang or mouth might have the restriction of not to speak bad and not to choose like tongue twister  but smooth tongue, though.

The age of people living not to collide typebars.

The era of tamed people avoiding collision of typebars with living to choose keyboard wording ways.
A hundred years of Westerners writing with typewriter of manual operation.

Their keyboard wordings were filtered to go out though the typebaskets not to collide.


Bukowski could write (faster? maybe or) quicker than typewriter could, and could write on electric and Mac on and on.

Until Bukowski's wild heart tamed calm.

And then, the typewriter kept running for a while.

And later, electric introduced.

Or later, his IIsi brought him to the Mac or PC stage of poet..

Don't hurry, be happy. When you operate typebars sequencialy especialy in adjacent.

Don't hurry, be happy.
Don't too quick
Don't too rapid

And cope with the risks of adjacent typebars’ collisions each other.

The world without rapidity or quickness of series of words' appearance.

Visible and accessible to typebars made user people participate in better performance of typing.

Visible and accessible to typebars made people users possible to participate in better performance of typing.

How to cope with the risks of the typebar collisions.

Slow and calmed down operators in front-striking era. or How to relate well to risks.

Slow and calmeddown operators after front-striking era.

As Stickney proposed in his patents of US676208 or US889344, the risk to collide typebars each other was increased in change from up-strike to front-strike.

But the direction and the stream to change from up- to front- did not change and continued.
Without Stickney's patents of these execution.

Why?  Visible, yes. But besides..

It was said.  To strike keys in rapid  one after another , would make collision or lead to the jamming together of typebars.

So why they do not jam so badly in front-strike era?

Because typist became slow.
Slow against quick or harry haste or rapid.

Even pacing.

Even if the typing speed is fast,  if the interval of sequential keying is kept enough, typebars do not collide.


What the (touch) typing is possible means.

What the (touch) typing is possible means.

The quality is far different,  now and then.


Was Mrs. Barnes a self-serving informer?

Was Mrs. Barnes a self-serving informer?

Mr. McGurrin wrote "Typewiting without looking at the keyboard"
Without looking at.. 
McGurrin wrote like it's impossible to achieve this method on the double keyboard machines  of those days, like Caligraph or so on.

Mrs. Barnes wrote a textbook for typing, and she quoted McGurrin but didn't quote the mentioning about Caligraph. In addition, she didn't stop to try touch-typing on Caligraph. Also she seemed to bend the definition of touch-typing as something strange:

Why were they apt to touch space-bar by index or middle or third finger with?

 When the hands are held over the key-board in the position for writirg, it will be seen that the thumb is in position for striking the space-bar; and by using the thumb for this purpose instead of the second or third finger, as some do, the time occupied in carrying the hand down, and returning it, is saved, and the spacing is easily done with the thumb.  (page. 4)

 Without caution like she informed, people might be apt to use other than thumbs.
 The revolutionary participation of thumb(s) might lead to touch.
 Why were they apt to touch space-bar by index or middle or third finger? 
 "the thumb will be in readiness to strike the space-bar"
Mrs. M. V. Longley: ``Writing Machines'', Proceedings of the First Annual International Congress of Shorthand Writers, pp.14-16 (August 31, 1882).

If waiting at the position the thumb is in readiness to strike the space-bar..
The thumb's readiness to strike the space-bar hides some key-tops under the hand.
So while taking the complete site method, people doesn't want to strike space-bar by thumb.

To strike the space-bar by thumb needs partial memorization of key-layout at least.
This consists also on little finger key operation.
If operating keys on outer side of the keyboard by little finger or ring finger, key-tops under forefinger side are hidden.


It' s apparent? Getting into the era typing sentences begun with capital letter then been continuing by smalls.

*This article has not written out.*
Because Caligraph have space bars on the both side of keyboard each and placed there for other than thumbs, it's apparent, you see.
 The revolutionary participation of thumb(s) might lead to touch.

It' s apparent?  No, not for thumbs never.  Then for which , finger or side of palm or so?

Some say for little fingers, some might say for side of palm.

It had been getting into the era typing sentences begun  with capital letter then been continuing with  smalls.

Caligraph 1  http://www.typewritermuseum.org/collection/index.php3?machine=caligr&cat=ku#

Caligraph 2  http://www.typewritermuseum.org/collection/index.php3?machine=caligraph2&cat=ku
 The No.2 Type-Writer has a very simple method of printing the capitals. In the left-hand coner of the key-board, at the bottom, is a key with "Upper Case" on it. To print the capital letters this key must be pressed down and kept there while the desired key or keys are struck. Beside being simple, this method has the advantage over those machines which have two sets of keys, of rapidity. On such machines the keys for the capitals are placed at each side, and the space-bar being still outside of them, much time is lost in carrying the hand over to the side to space between each word, and returning it. But on the Type-Writer the space-bar being in front the spacing is done with the thumb, and no time is lost, the fingers remaining over the key-board in position for striking the next letter.  (page. 5,  Introductory Explanations.)
Elizabeth Margaret Vater Longley Type-Writer Lessons for the Use of Teachers and Learners Adapted to Remington’s Perfected Type-Writers』(Cincinnati, 1882年)


The revolutionary participation of thumb(s) might lead to touch.

Remember? There were two(?) ladies one on a photo and another on a drawing, with a typewriter of Milwaukee made model in front.

Let's look at hands and fingers of her in this drawing.
Some fingers looks almost putting on the space bar.

Mrs. Longley might not be touch typist until then and later so, almost the first human who noted to public to use thumb to push or strike down the space bar, it is not recommended but as a thing must.
On thumb, at page7 bottom of
Elizabeth Margaret Vater Longley "Type-Writer Lessons for the Use of Teachers and Learners Adapted to Remington’s Perfected Type-Writers"(Cincinnati, 1882)
Never strike the space-board with the fingers, but always with thumb.

Without caution like she informed, people might be apt to use other than thumbs.

And this can only happen on Remington(or Sholes&Glidden) QWERTY machine, not on Caligraph.
  • There were almost only two choices they could take on keyboard typewriter having typebars, Remington or Caligraph.
Because Caligraph have space bars on the both side of keyboard each and placed there for other than thumbs, it's apparent, you see.
Mrs. Longley wrote on her book for exercise of Caligraph, as follows:

On her book for Caligraph, there was no mention how to use thumb and read as follows:
At the bottom of page 7:
Strike the space-bar with the little finger.

I've written things mentioned above, before Oct. 2010 or so at the latest, in Japanese.
But these weren't early.

Mrs. M. V. Longley: ``Writing Machines'', Proceedings of the First Annual International Congress of Shorthand Writers, pp.14-16 (August 31, 1882).
"the thumb will be in readiness to strike the space-bar"


"Porter's telegraph college" on papers, "Densmore & Porter" on a book


The early history of the typewriter, by Chas. E. Weller...
Main Author: Weller, Charles Edward, 1840-1925.
Language(s): English
Published: La Porte, Ind., Chase & Shepard, printers, 1918.
Subjects: Sholes, Christopher Latham, > 1819-1890.
Typewriters > History.
Physical Description: 87 p. incl. illus., port. 16 cm.
Catalog Record: The early history of the typewriter | Hathi Trust Digital Library:
I suppose as follows:

  • Porter's Telegraph college
  • Porter's National Telegraph college 
There are some periods while Porter inform his typewriter to publication or not.

very short period  while 1868?

or 1870?

What was said on the circular of his colleges?

I asume there are three or four lineages of drawings having different taste each.

I assume there are three or fourlineages of drawings having different taste each.
  1. One is drawings of Glidden's taste.
    Heavy typebasket drawings. Heavy touch of drawing. Painted in black area ratio is high. Rigid on perspective view. :  For example, Patent filed maybe in 1867. And the drawing of the mechanism on the Scientific American.  Glidden handed off his hole design and drawings in early, so they were inherited by Sholes. And at the last in 1889 or 1890, those drawings were patented by name of Sholes. Those drawings having two or three rows of keys or buttons and complicated linkege, and patented to Sholes at the latest around 1889-1890.  I think Glidden didn't drow by himself but Someone hired drew.
  2. Next is Soule's taste. Mainly wooden. Succeeded to Sholes' patent USxxxx, in 1870.
  3. The Last is Schwallback' taste. And this is ancsested to Sholes. These looks not so neat, have same angle of drawings.
  4. If adding to above, the later Sholes' style


Cross Sections of: reed organ or melodeon, printing telegraph, crude typewriter having typebars kicked up with keyboard operation

Keyboardist: Isao Horikoshi ,on his experiences to repair accordion or other acoustic keyboards sounding by reed before his play (or for other player?), it seemed to him the mechanism inside of the crude typewriter on patent USXXXX looks something similar, he felt. The type bar kicking up mechanism.?

keyboard reed instruments need only choke the bulb hole.

This is Hughes's printing telegraph machine around keyboard of patent US22770

This is Hughes's printing telegraph machine around keyboard of patent US26003

with a treadle, is the Magneto-Printing dial telegraph machine of the period:  oz.Typewriter: On This Day in Typewriter History (XXII):
 Saturday, 11 June 2011
, with a treadle, is the Magneto-Printing dial telegraph machine of the period:


Just before Densmore died, he might have prepared to own a piano company, I'm not certain though..


Japanese has come up a hundred years late as a touch typist of ordinary person.

  • 13th century Mongol invasion of Europe
  • 1276 - 1291 The Travels of Marco Polo
  • 14th-15th century   the voyages of Zheng He's fleet
  • 1492 - 1500 Voyages of Christopher Columbus
  • 1519-1522 Magellan's circumnavigation
  • 1600 East India Company (EIC)
  • 1833  Hardy, Ezekiel, Captain. In Moby-Dick. He is a whaling captain killed by a sperm whale off the coast of Japan in 1833
  • 1839 to 1842 The First Opium War 
  • 1852-1854 Perry Expedition: The Opening of Japan,
  • 1856 to 1860 the Second Opium War 
  • 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857(Sepoy Mutiny)
  • 1861 - 1865 American Civil War
  •  1867-1868(-69,70) Sholes or his companies around made crude typewriter having keyboards begins from ABC... having typebars pulled by wire with key operation.
      M. &/or K. Yasuoka (2011,2009,200x) presume some machine that had typebars kicked up with key operation was  delivered and used as educational usage at Porter's telegraph college, of those keys begins from ABC... and ends up by ZYX... Becouse of  training usage by emulating the printing teregraph? Porter did not say out emulation, but only seemed to say on superiority to hand writing if using typewriter.
  •  1868 to 1869 Boshin War:a civil war in Japan  : This was fought with many of arms used in American Civil War.
  •  1872 The Type-writer was introduced on Scientific American, having a keyboard with a row of keys lining as QWERTYIUO-
  •  1873-1874 Sholes and Glidden Type-Writer came to market, a row as QWERTYUIOP
  •  1888 Dec. McGurrin wrote an article of "Typewriting without looking at the keyboard"or so as a letter to a magazine or so.
  • Japan , Manchuria , something 
    •   Manchuria ! I 've just known this word. We Japanese might pay no sense for Chinese or Jurchens to call Manshu, too little attention.
  • 1936-1938 Karel Čapek  wrote something  worrying about the Japanese invasion of Chinese Manchuria .
  • 1937-1941 Japan had been going to be surrounded by the network circular line of ABCD encirclement.
  • And mint exports from Kitami, Hokkaido, Japan shrunk.
  • 1941 December,  Pearl Harbor attack, and so on..   
    • This was said to make US Gov.,army and industries produce only  QWERTY Typewriters and choke Dvorak keyboards. Japan enforced QWERTY's share expansion from the  far distance, from the opposite west side rim of the Pacific ocean beyond Pearl Harbor. 
  • 1944 October(unpowered), November(powered):  First flight of the aircraft nicknamed as Baka
  • 1945 March 10th: Tokyo bombs, August: the A-bombs exploded some hundred meters above Hiroshima on 6th and Nagasaki on 8th each, and so on..

So the last World war was over.
Some Japanese industrialist examined American offices, and concluded little documentation efficacy of them-selves far inferior to  those of beyond the sea , Americans and Europeans have.

It had been done  some report  say like this.

So, in this stream line,  Hisao Yamada wrote about typing history.
Also, Japanese word processor had done as for a language having number of character sets over a bite.

New comers as ordinary touch typists. So, everything may feel fresh and new for them, if they are touch typists actually.

Touch typing is but also for the liberty of brain (of the front, mainly. | cerebrum, (fore-brain..))


Posted on April 17, 2013 by Neil Kay, Professorial Fellow

 *omit above*   But typing pools have largely gone, while the art of touch typing (which Dvorak was designed for) is by some accounts also now a dying art.

Further, today those who type (including but not exclusively secretaries) typically also have many administrative and managerial tasks other than typing.  *omit following*

QWERTY now | Edinburgh Business School Blog:

I took the phrase as so  arbitrary cutting-out, though.

Touch typing is but also for the liberty of fore-brain ,cerebrum , not only for without looking at keyboard and keeping manuscript in sight or on going outputs on character display LCD in sight.

I've been writing farther more in Japanese. I might be going to write English version later on  if I want..

Economy of touch typing --qwerty-history.jp

Economy of touch typing  or  The source of exhibiting brain power by the blind, visually impaired person   - eggs of thoughts - stems

The points  are:

  1. verse versa
  2. pepera pelo
  3. hogehoge hogehoge  ? Where on QWERTY?  .. unix c literature..


Before Underwood typewriter, there was Daugherty at least, and Prouty was.

The front-strke machine: Daugherty claimed the easy accessibility to the typeheads for cleaning. This seems also to mean easy access in case of trouble on typebars. On Daugherty article, Daugherty says by itself like follows:
"The ready accessibility of the type", "The disposition of the type with upturned faces, so that they are perfectly accessible for cleaning," - raycy - qwerty-history-jp
I found this on oz.Typewriter article and left comment on

Daugherty choose QWERTY. may be from the begining of 189X.  Why?

Prouty proposed a different layout. If this was choosen, the adjasent typebar's sequential motion frequency would be lesser, even if in changing from up-strike to front-.
 No battle between front-strike machines: Daugherty( => Pitsberg ) vs. Underwood on keyboard-layout,              - QWERTY ?raycy - qwerty-history-jp

1867 ABC.. to QWERTY 1882, beyond the peek! and to almost the least! amang the bunch of scatterd layouts.


My comment to a blog article: "The QWERTY problem" by Neil Kay, Professorial Fellow, and Marked as spam

  • It might not seem as DISQUS, maybe.  Then let's discuss later on.
*.. is AS follows*
"The QWERTY problem" was close to some of what I wanted to say.

Some of Stickney patents might be written with the thoughts of the related things, I think.
http://www.google.com/patents/US889344 and

I knew your work a day ago or so. The mentioned on my following url article was some of I wanted to write.

Some of my blogs or articles on web have got claim to close from Mr. ZYX ... .SE?orZ... . So sometimes you can't see them.

About Stickney's Ideas about collision of adjacent typebars:

Your Drawings or Diagrams are very neat. The following involves some of mine as generalized mapping, looks rude.

Let's begin.

Now the time has come, bands.
"Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of the party"
"Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country."